The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Earth released in Geneva on Thursday, limiting global heating to below 2C by reducing emissions from all sectors, including land and food.
This includes shifting food production and land management in terms of agriculture, forestry and other forms of land use accounting for human-induced greenhouse emissions worldwide.
The report found that current global warming levels also increase the risk of water shortages, soil erosion, vegetation loss, fire damage, coastal degradation, permanent melting, and crop yields.
It finds that the climate crisis affects all aspects of food security – including availability, pricing and nutrition, but coordinated action to reduce global emissions simultaneously improves land resources, food security and nutrition, and helps address hunger.
Verity Morgan-Schmidt, chief executive of Farmers for Climate Action, said Australian farmers are already dealing with the effects of global heating, including extreme drought, changing snow conditions and heatwaves.
She said that as the risks of global heating increase, it will become more and more difficult for farmers to adapt themselves.
Farmers are responsible for maintaining much of Australia’s ecosystem, with 48% of Australia’s land being privately owned or leased to agricultural production.
Morgan-Schmidt said there are already industry-wide measures to reduce the climate footprint of this sector, including the emerging grains industry sustainability framework and the red meat sector, which aims to become carbon neutral by 2030.
She said individual farmers are also taking action through increased soil carbon sequestration, revitalization and “climate-smart” farming practices.
She said the government’s strategy for agriculture was still lacking, and farmers were looking at the federal government to better coordinate the diverse efforts of industry, government and the non-government sector to combat the climate.
“What we don’t have in 2019 is a national strategy on climate change in agriculture. There is still no original framework to help farmers manage these risks and implement solutions, ”she said
*From various Sources